The Commission has proposed today to align the rules for the energy performance of buildings with the European Green Deal and decarbonise the EU's building stock by 2050. This proposal will facilitate the renovation of homes, schools, hospitals, offices and other buildings across Europe to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy bills, improving quality of life for millions of Europeans. Today's revision of the energy performance of buildings directive translates the Commission's Renovation Wave Strategy into concrete legislative action.
Uddrag af pressemeddelelse fra EU-Kommissionen:
The Commission proposes that as of 2030, all new buildings must be zero-emission. To harness the potential of faster action in the public sector, all new public buildings must be zero-emission already as of 2027. This means that buildings must consume little energy, be powered by renewables as far as possible, emit no on-site carbon emissions from fossil fuels and must indicate their global warming potential based on their whole-life cycle emissions on their Energy Performance Certificate.
When it comes to renovations, new EU-level minimum energy performance standards are proposed, requiring the worst-performing 15% of the building stock of each Member State to be upgraded from the Energy Performance Certificate’s Grade G to at least Grade F by 2027 for non-residential buildings and 2030 for residential buildings. This initial focus on the lowest performing buildings fulfils the twin objective of maximising the potential for decarbonisation and for the alleviation of energy poverty.
Energy performance certificates provide publicly available information about energy consumption and are important guides to investment, buying, and rental decisions. With today’s proposals, Energy Performance Certificateswill become clearer and contain improved information. The obligation to have an energy performance certificate is extended to buildings undergoing major renovation, buildings for which a rental contract is renewed and all public buildings. Buildings or building units which are offered for sale or rent must also have a certificate, and the energy performance class will need to be stated in all advertisements. By 2025, all certificates must be based on a harmonised scale from A to G.
National BuildingsRenovation Plans will be fully integrated into National Energy and Climate Plans. This will ensure comparability and tracking of progress, and make a direct link to mobilising financing and triggering the reforms and investments that are needed. These plans will need to include roadmaps for phasing out fossil fuels in heating and cooling by 2040 at the latest, along with a pathway for transforming the national building stock into zero-emission buildings by 2050.
Easier access to information and lower costsfor consumers help to boost renovation. Today’s proposal introduces a building ‘Renovation passport’ that provides owners a tool to facilitate their planning and a step-by-step renovation towards zero-emissions level. The proposal defines ‘mortgage portfolio standards’ as a mechanism to incentivise lenders to improve the energy performance of their portfolio of buildings, and encourage potential clients to make their properties more energy efficient. The Commission also invites Member States to include renovation considerations in public and private financing rules and to establish appropriate instruments, in particular for low-income households. No financial incentives should be given for the installation of fossil fuel boilers as of 2027 and Member States are given the legal possibility to ban fossil fuel use in buildings.
The new rules encourage the use of information and communication technology (ICT) and smart technologies to ensure buildings operate efficiently, and calls for digital building databases to be established. Regarding mobility, the proposal supports the rollout of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in residential and commercial buildings, and makes more dedicated parking space available for bicycles.